Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)

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Perennial. Medicinal herb. Most likely introduced by European settlers.

  • Dandelion-like flowers emerge in early spring (sometimes through snow) before its leaves.
  • Leaves range from heart-like to roundish in shape with coarsely toothed edges.
  • Forms dense stands in moist soils of watercourses, forests and meadows.
  • Thrives in partial shade, but tolerates full sun.
The Problem:
Forms large colonies that spread quickly by rhizomes. These underground stems can grow 10 ft. deep, making digging out difficult. Small seeds have tuft of hairs, aiding wind dispersal over long distances.