Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii)
Shrub; 2-8’ tall. Common in floodplain forests and in open areas. Introduced as an ornamental for hedgerows.
- Branches are grooved and have spines.
- Pale yellow flowers are small and run along entire length of stem.
- Produces bright red, oval berries that remain on stem through winter.
- Shrubs are usually very dense.
Plants are highly shade tolerant, capable of forming dense, impenetrable stands in closed-canopy riverine forests. Spreads primarily by birds, especially turkeys.